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P10. Concomitant gemcitabine therapy negatively affects DC vaccine-induced CD8+ T cell and B cell responses but improves clinical efficacy in a murine pancreatic carcinoma model

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Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer20142 (Suppl 2) :P1

  • Published:


  • Gemcitabine
  • Pancreatic Carcinoma
  • Panc02 Cell
  • Dendritic Cell Vaccination
  • Dendritic Cell Migration


Multiple studies have shown that dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccines can induce antitumor immunity. Previously, we reported that gemcitabine enhances the efficacy of DC vaccination in a mouse model of pancreatic carcinoma. The present study aimed at investigating the influence of gemcitabine on vaccine-induced anti-tumoral immune responses in a syngeneic pancreatic cancer model.

Material and methods

Subcutaneous or orthotopic pancreatic tumours were induced in C57BL/6 mice using Panc02 cells expressing the model antigen OVA (PancOVA). Bone marrow-derived DC were loaded with soluble OVA protein (OVA-DC). Animals received gemcitabine twice weekly. OVA-specific CD8+ T cells and antibody titers were monitored by FACS analysis and ELISA, respectively.


Gemcitabine enhanced clinical efficacy of the OVA-DC vaccine. Interestingly, gemcitabine significantly suppressed the vaccine-induced frequency of antigen-specific CD8+ T cells and antibody titers. DC migration to draining lymph nodes and antigen cross-presentation were unaffected. Despite reduced numbers of tumour-reactive T cells in peripheral blood, in vivo cytotoxicity assays revealed that CTL-mediated killing was preserved. In vitro assays revealed sensitization of tumour cells to CTL-mediated lysis by gemcitabine. In addition, gemcitabine facilitated recruitment of CD8+ T cells into tumors in DC-vaccinated mice. T and B cell suppression by gemcitabine could be avoided by starting chemotherapy after two cycles of DC vaccination.


Gemcitabine enhances therapeutic efficacy of DC vaccination despite its negative influence on vaccine-induced T cell proliferation. Quantitative analysis of tumour-reactive T cells in peripheral blood may thus not predict vaccination success in the setting of concomitant chemotherapy.

Authors’ Affiliations

Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV LMU Munich, Section of Gastroenterology, Munich, Germany
Division of Clinical Pharmacology LMU Munich, Munich, Germany
Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard University, Department of Surgery, Boston, MA, USA
Klinikum Dritter Orden, Department of Clinical Medicine I, Munich, Germany
Kliniken St. Elisabeth, Department of Medicine II, Neuburg/Donau, Germany


© Bauer et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.