Volume 2 Supplement 3

Abstracts of the 29th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC)

Open Access

Efficacy of intralesional injection with PV-10 in combination with co-inhibitory blockade in a murine model of melanoma

  • Shari Pilon-Thomas1,
  • Hao Liu1,
  • Krithika Kodumudi1,
  • Amy Weber1,
  • Ellen Moore1 and
  • Amod A Sarnaik1
Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer20142(Suppl 3):P120

https://doi.org/10.1186/2051-1426-2-S3-P120

Published: 6 November 2014

PV-10 is a 10% solution of Rose Bengal that is currently being examined as a novel cancer therapeutic. We have previously shown that intralesional (IL) injection of PV-10 into a single subcutaneous B16 melanoma tumor led to regression of both the injected tumor and uninjected B16 lung lesions. Tumor regression correlated with the induction of systemic anti-melanoma T cell immunity. In melanoma patients, IL injection of PV-10 has led to regression of treated lesions as well as untreated bystander lesions. In this study, we have examined whether IL PV-10 and co-inhibitory blockade could improve anti-tumor immunity and regression of melanoma. B16 cells were injected into C57BL/6 mice to establish one subcutaneous tumor. Treatment of this lesion with a single IL injection of PV-10 alone led to partial regression of the injected B16 lesion. Systemic administration of anti-CTLA-4 or anti-PD1 antibodies in combination with IL PV-10 resulted in increased tumor regression and improved survival in this model. Treatment with PV-10 also led to the induction of T cells that produced IFN-γ (495 ± 198 pg/ml) in response to B16 cells but not to irrelevant MC-38 cells. Combination therapy with IL PV-10 and anti-CTLA-4 led to increased IFN-γ responses to B16 (1235 ± 191 pg/ml, p < 0.05). In another experiment simulating heavy tumor burden using a bilateral model, systemic administration of anti-PD-L1 antibodies in combination with IL PV-10 led to regression of the injected B16 lesion as well as a bystander subcutaneous lesion on the opposite flank (p < 0.01 compared to mice treated with anti-PD-L1 antibodies or IL PV-10 alone). Together, these studies support the induction of increased tumor-specific immunity after co-inhibitory blockade in combination with IL PV-10 therapy.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Moffitt Cancer Center

Copyright

© Pilon-Thomas et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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