A pilot study of Ipilimumab in patients with stage IV melanoma receiving palliative radiation therapy
© Knox et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 6 November 2014
Local palliative radiation therapy can be safely used in combination with anti-CTLA-4 immunotherapy. This therapy may have the potential to enhance the induction of systemic anti-melanoma immune responses, which will inhibit growth and kill melanoma cells in sites of established metastasis outside of the radiation therapy field more effectively than with anti-CTLA-4 alone.
The primary objective is to assess the safely of combining Ipilimumab with palliative radiation therapy in patients with unresectable Stage IV melanoma. Secondary objectives include assessment of 1) induction of anti-melanoma immune responses using laboratory correlative studies of immune responses to melanoma antigens, 2) comparison of tumor response rates and duration of response at unirradiated tumor sites in patients with Stage IV disease with historically stage IV patients treated with Ipilimumab alone.
This is a single institution, open-label, pilot study of 20-25 patients with unresectable (or disseminated) stage IV melanoma requiring palliative radiation therapy. Patients are treated with Ipilimumab (3mg/kg) every 3 weeks for a total of 4 treatments. Palliative radiation therapy to 1-2 sites of disease is initiated within 5 days of the first dose of Ipilimumab. Tumor imaging studies are obtained at baseline, 2-4 weeks following the 4th dose of Ipilimumab, and every 3 months until disease progression. Both Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and response by immune response criteria are used to assess tumor responses. Patients are monitored for safety, and a variety of immune response parameters are measured before and during the treatment period. These include enumeration of major cell subsets as well as myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), and antigen-specific T cell responses by intracellular cytokine staining.
This is an ongoing study. Seventeen patients with metastatic melanoma have been treated to date. The combined treatment has been well tolerated with no unexpected toxicities, and no apparent exacerbation of either radiation or Ipilimumab associated toxicities. Tumor and immune response data will be presented.
The combination of palliative radiation therapy and Ipilimumab has been well tolerated in patients with metastatic melanoma. Tumor and immune response data are being collected and analyzed, and conclusions of this ongoing trial will be presented.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.