Volume 3 Supplement 2
Image guided cryoablation of cancer with intra-tumoral injection of anti-CTLA-4 and PD-1 immune check-point inhibitors
© Rosenberg and Williams 2015
Published: 4 November 2015
Image guided cryoablation of cancer destroys tumor tissue and can activate tumor-specific T cells by increasing the presentation of tumor antigens and causing the release of “Danger signals” to stimulate the immune system. However, the development of a systemic anti-cancer immune response may be restrained by immune check-point inhibitors. In recent years, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration–approved antibody drug ipilumimab, nivolumab and pembrolizumab as inhibitors of CTLA-4 and PD-1. By blocking these immune check-point receptors, these antibodies can promote tumor rejection, but their full application has yet to be fully determined.
In our human case studies, we offer a proof-of-concept in multiple tumor types that intra-tumoral CTLA-4 and PD-1 blockade combined with cryoablation of a primary tumor can cause regression of secondary tumors at a distant site.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.